Description of time series:
The time series shows the integrated sea surface temperature for this entire region. During the last five years there has been a positive trend and values are greater than 90% of all observed data in the time series.
Description of gauge:
The gauge value of 97 indicates that the temperature between 2013 and 2017 for Hawaii and the Pacific Islands was higher than 97% of the temperatures between 1982 and 2017.
Description of Sea Surface Temperature:
Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is defined as the average temperature of the top few millimeters of the ocean. This temperature impacts the rate of all physical, chemical, and most biological processes occurring in the ocean. Sea Surface Temperature is globally monitored by sensors on satellites, buoys, ships, ocean reference stations, AUVs and other technologies.
Sea Surface Temperature monitoring tells us how the ocean and atmosphere interact, as well as providing fundamental data on the global climate system. This information also aids us in weather prediction i.e. identifying the onset of El Niño and La Niña cycles - multiyear shifts in atmospheric pressure and wind speeds. These shifts affect ocean circulation, global weather patterns, and marine ecosystems. Sea Surface Temperature anomalies have been linked to shifting marine resources. With warming temperatures, we observe the poleward movements of fish and other species. Temperature extremes - both ocean heatwaves and cold spells, have been linked to coral bleaching as well as fishery and aquaculture mortality. We present annual average SST in all regions.
The sea surface temperature were accessed from (https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oisst). The data are plotted in degrees Celsius.